EBA Seed

Quantifying laws and regulations for sustainable seed systems

EBA seed indicators measure laws and regulations that support and promote the development, evaluation and release of improved varieties, as well as seed quality control.

The team is currently collecting updated and expanded information for 80 countries around the world and will publish this data in 2019. For more information or to share your expertise, contact Jean-Philippe Lodugnon-Harding (Team Leader), at ebaseed@worldbankgroup.org.

Recent Documents

 

Summary of Data Collected in 2016-2017

Click below for more detailed information about each country's laws and regulations on seed.

Economy EBA Seed - Rank EBA Seed - DTF Plant breeding index (0 - 10) Variety registration index (0 - 8) Time to register new variety (days) Cost to register new variety (% income per capita) Seed quality control index (0 - 12)
Armenia 28 62.19 8.0 6.5 587 18.5 2.0
Bangladesh 54 34.27 6.0 5.5 No Practice No Practice 1.0
Benin 55 32.81 5.0 4.5 No Practice No Practice 3.0
Bolivia 25 64.41 7.0 5.0 517 24.5 7.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 56 32.08 7.0 2.0 No Practice No Practice 4.0
Burkina Faso 57 28.96 2.0 4.0 No Practice No Practice 5.5
Burundi 40 50.10 9.0 3.5 No Practice No Practice 8.0
Cambodia 38 51.80 8.0 2.0 407 17.3 3.0
Cameroon 58 24.69 3.0 3.5 No Practice No Practice 3.0
Chile 29 61.77 9.0 6.0 848 12.5 4.0
Colombia 27 63.19 9.0 4.0 591 53.4 6.5
Côte d'Ivoire 30 60.20 6.0 6.5 368 137.2 3.0
Denmark 3 85.32 9.0 7.0 690 7.4 12.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37 52.57 8.0 5.0 599 184.3 2.0
Ethiopia 39 51.07 6.0 4.5 620 77.8 4.0
Georgia 13 71.42 9.0 7.0 581 0 4.0
Ghana 48 46.46 4.0 6.0 757 1091.6 8.5
Greece 14 70.43 8.0 5.0 729 8.7 9.5
Guatemala 26 64.04 5.0 4.5 166 1.9 6.0
Haiti 61 10.00 4.0 0.0 No Practice No Practice 0.0
India 21 66.60 8.0 6.0 397 98.7 4.5
Italy 4 81.55 10.0 5.5 624 5.6 10.5
Jordan 22 66.34 10.0 6.0 514 57.8 3.0
Kazakhstan 35 53.65 10.0 6.5 No Practice No Practice 4.0
Kenya 7 79.24 10.0 7.0 322 123.2 6.0
Korea, Rep. 8 77.46 9.0 5.0 298 2 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic 53 36.44 7.0 4.0 970 219.4 2.0
Lao PDR 59 20.94 4.0 3.5 No Practice No Practice 0.0
Liberia 62 7.50 3.0 0.0 No Practice No Practice 0.0
Malawi 50 45.30 5.0 5.5 579 2038.1 6.0
Malaysia 45 47.80 9.0 3.0 561 7 0.0
Mali 52 36.99 4.0 5.0 No Practice No Practice 5.0
Mexico 24 64.66 8.0 5.0 621 16.2 7.0
Morocco 20 67.87 10.0 4.5 584 18.1 6.5
Mozambique 23 65.68 8.0 6.0 582 86.2 6.0
Myanmar 34 54.60 7.0 3.0 306 26.6 3.0
Nepal 46 47.31 4.0 5.5 611 0 1.0
Netherlands 1 88.00 9.0 7.0 556 13.7 12.0
Nicaragua 44 47.92 7.0 6.5 650 786.9 3.0
Niger 49 45.42 4.0 8.0 No Practice No Practice 5.0
Nigeria 42 48.82 3.0 5.5 367 197.9 3.0
Peru 10 72.49 7.0 5.0 357 21.3 8.0
Philippines 11 72.28 10.0 6.5 570 1.5 5.3
Poland 5 81.52 10.0 5.5 699 15.2 11.5
Romania 6 81.11 10.0 5.5 654 23.2 11.0
Russian Federation 18 68.41 9.0 7.0 716 0 4.0
Rwanda 60 20.21 6.0 1.0 No Practice No Practice 1.0
Senegal 36 52.80 7.0 5.5 561 708.5 5.5
Serbia 19 68.38 8.0 5.0 604 0.4 7.0
Spain 2 86.65 10.0 6.0 598 9.3 12.0
Sri Lanka 47 47.10 4.0 3.5 298 0 2.0
Sudan 41 49.34 8.0 4.5 654 620.7 4.5
Tajikistan 51 42.40 8.0 4.5 No Practice No Practice 4.0
Tanzania 17 68.91 9.0 4.0 333 65.1 6.5
Thailand 32 56.87 8.0 3.0 327 7.3 3.0
Turkey 12 72.07 6.0 6.5 646 28.8 10.0
Uganda 31 57.82 7.0 5.5 523 0 3.0
Ukraine 33 56.44 8.0 5.0 714 25.4 3.0
Uruguay 9 76.46 10.0 4.0 305 5 8.3
Vietnam 43 48.31 6.0 5.0 901 406.2 5.0
Zambia 16 69.36 8.0 5.5 544 70.1 8.0
Zimbabwe 15 69.65 10.0 4.0 607 41.2 8.5